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  • Writer's pictureAimee Isabel

Feminism 101

Updated: Mar 20, 2023

Feminism is a social movement that advocates for the equal rights and opportunities for women. Over the years, feminists have achieved significant milestones in the fight for gender equality.

However, there is still much work to be done to ensure that all women have equal access to education, health care, employment, and other opportunities. In this blog post, we will explore the top 10 things that every feminist needs to know.

The definition of Feminism is the belief in and advocacy of equal rights and opportunities for women. It is a movement that aims to end gender-based discrimination, violence, and oppression. Feminism is not about hating men or seeking to dominate them but about creating a society where everyone can thrive regardless of their gender.

The History of Feminism

The feminist movement has a rich history that dates back to the 19th century. From the suffrage movement to the second wave of feminism in the 1960s, feminists have fought tirelessly to secure women's rights. Understanding the history of feminism is essential to appreciate the gains made and the challenges that remain.


Intersectionality is a framework that recognizes the interconnected nature of systems of oppression, including those based on race, gender, sexuality, class, and ability. A feminist approach to intersectionality understands that women's experiences are shaped by multiple and overlapping forms of discrimination and seeks to address these complex and interlocking issues. By recognizing the diversity of women's experiences and the ways in which multiple forms of oppression intersect, feminist activism can become more inclusive and effective.


Patriarchy is a social system that privileges men over women. It is characterized by male dominance in positions of power and authority, control over resources, and the subordination of women. Understanding patriarchy is crucial to feminism because it is the root cause of gender-based discrimination and oppression.

Sexual and Reproductive Rights

Sexual and reproductive health encompasses a wide range of issues, including access to comprehensive sex education, contraception, safe and legal abortion, and maternal healthcare. Women's ability to make informed choices about their sexual and reproductive health is essential to their autonomy, bodily integrity, and overall well-being. A feminist approach to sexual and reproductive health acknowledges the importance of women's agency and seeks to remove barriers to access and care.

Gender-Based Violence

Gender-based violence is any form of violence that is directed at a person because of their gender. It includes physical, sexual, psychological, and economic violence. Gender-based violence is a pervasive problem that affects women all over the world. A feminist must understand the impact of gender-based violence on women's lives and work to end it.

The Gender Pay Gap

The gender pay gap is the difference in earnings between men and women in the workforce. Women typically earn less than men for doing the same job or work of equal value. This disparity can be attributed to a range of factors, including discrimination, the undervaluation of work traditionally done by women, and women's disproportionate responsibility for caregiving and household work. Addressing the gender pay gap is crucial for achieving gender equality and economic justice.

What Kinds of Feminism are there?

Feminism is a diverse and multifaceted movement, with a range of different ideologies and perspectives. Let's begin looking at the most commonly known form of feminism.

Radical feminism is a branch of feminism that emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a response to the limitations and inadequacies of liberal feminism. Radical feminists sought to challenge the patriarchal structures of society and the ways in which they oppressed and marginalized women.

At the heart of radical feminism is the belief that the oppression of women is not just a matter of individual attitudes or behavior, but is built into the very structure of society itself. Radical feminists argue that the oppression of women is systemic and institutionalized, and can only be overcome by radical social and political change.

One of the key ideas of radical feminism is the concept of patriarchy, which refers to the ways in which men dominate and control women through social, political, and economic structures. Radical feminists argue that patriarchy is not just a matter of individual attitudes or behavior, but is built into the very structure of society itself.

Radical feminists also reject the idea that gender is a natural and inevitable part of human biology. They argue that gender is a social construct that is used to justify the oppression of women, and that it should be abolished.

Another key idea of radical feminism is the concept of sisterhood, which refers to the solidarity and support that women can provide for each other in their struggle against patriarchy. Radical feminists believe that women must come together to challenge the systems of oppression that they face, and that they must support each other in their efforts to do so.

Radical feminism has been criticized for its exclusion of men from the feminist movement, and for its essentialist view of gender. Some have argued that radical feminists focus too much on the oppression of women, to the exclusion of other forms of oppression such as racism, classism, and ableism.

Despite these criticisms, radical feminism remains an important and influential branch of feminism. Its emphasis on the systemic and institutionalized nature of patriarchy has been an important contribution to feminist theory, and its focus on sisterhood and solidarity continues to inspire feminist activism today.

Another of the major strands of feminist thought is Marxist feminism, which focuses on the ways in which capitalism and patriarchy intersect to oppress women.

Marxist feminists argue that women's oppression is not solely due to gender-based discrimination, but also stems from economic exploitation within a capitalist system. They see capitalism as a system that is inherently unequal and exploitative, with workers (including women) being exploited by the capitalist class in order to generate profit. This economic exploitation is then compounded by gender-based oppression, with women facing additional barriers and discrimination due to their gender.

Marxist feminists often argue that the root of women's oppression lies in the patriarchal family structure, which places women in a subordinate position to men and limits their opportunities for economic and social advancement. They believe that the family is a key site of reproduction and maintenance of capitalist relations of production, as it provides a free source of labor (in the form of housework and childcare) that is essential to the functioning of the capitalist system.

In addition to Marxist feminism, there are many other schools of thought within feminism, each with their own unique perspectives and approaches.

Liberal feminists, for example, focus on individual rights and equality before the law, while radical feminists argue that patriarchy is the root cause of women's oppression and advocate for the complete overthrow of the system.

Intersectional feminism, on the other hand, emphasizes the ways in which different forms of oppression intersect and compound to create unique experiences of discrimination and marginalization. This perspective recognizes that women's experiences of oppression are shaped not only by gender, but also by race, class, sexuality, and other intersecting factors.

In addition to radical feminism, Marxist feminism, liberal feminism, and intersectional feminism, there are many other types of feminism. Some of the other major strands of feminist thought include:

Cultural feminism: This perspective emphasizes the differences between men and women, and argues that women have unique qualities and characteristics that should be celebrated and valued. Cultural feminists often advocate for women's empowerment through the creation of women-only spaces and the promotion of women's culture and traditions.

Ecofeminism: This perspective links the oppression of women with the destruction of the natural environment, and argues that both are the result of a patriarchal and exploitative mindset. Ecofeminists advocate for the protection of the environment and the rights of animals, as well as for the recognition of women's important role in environmental activism.

Postmodern feminism: This perspective challenges the idea of a universal female experience, and instead emphasizes the diversity and complexity of women's identities and experiences. Postmodern feminists argue that gender is a social construct that is constantly being constructed and re-negotiated, and that there is no one "correct" way to be a woman.

Black feminism: This perspective emerged out of the Civil Rights and feminist movements of the 1960s and 1970s, and emphasizes the ways in which gender, race, and class intersect to create unique experiences of oppression and marginalization for Black women. Black feminists often focus on issues such as reproductive rights, economic justice, and police brutality, and advocate for the inclusion of Black women's perspectives in mainstream feminist discourse.

Transfeminism: This perspective centers on the experiences and perspectives of trans and gender non-conforming individuals, and seeks to challenge the binary and cisnormative assumptions of mainstream feminism. Transfeminists advocate for the recognition of trans rights and the inclusion of trans voices in feminist discourse, as well as the intersectional analysis of the ways in which gender, race, and class intersect to create unique experiences of oppression for trans individuals.

Third-wave feminism: This perspective emerged in the 1990s and emphasizes the diversity and complexity of women's experiences, as well as the importance of intersectionality and inclusivity in feminist activism. Third-wave feminists often focus on issues such as sexual autonomy, body positivity, and the role of pop culture in shaping gender norms.

There are many other types of feminism as well, and the field is constantly evolving and expanding. Each perspective offers a unique lens through which to analyze and challenge gender inequality, and the diversity of feminist thought is a testament to the richness and complexity of women's experiences.

Overall, while feminist thought is diverse and varied, it shares a common goal of challenging and overcoming gender-based discrimination and inequality. By embracing a range of different perspectives and approaches, feminists can work together to create a more just and equitable world for all individuals, regardless of gender.

What kind of feminism do you relate to the most? Share in the comments!

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